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# 酸性電池和堿性電池有什么區別?

發布時間(jian)：

2023-03-29

按電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)解(jie)液(ye)種類劃(hua)分(fen)包括(kuo)：堿性(xing)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)，電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)解(jie)質主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)要(yao)以氫(qing)氧化鉀水溶液(ye)為(wei)主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)的電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)，如：堿性(xing)鋅錳電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(俗稱堿錳電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)或堿性(xing)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi))、鎘鎳(nie)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)、氫(qing)鎳(nie)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)等;酸(suan)性(xing)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)，主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)要(yao)以 ... 水溶液(ye)為(wei)介質，如鉛酸(suan)蓄(xu)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi);中性(xing)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)，以鹽溶液(ye)為(wei)介質，如鋅錳干電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(有(you)(you)的消費者也稱之為(wei)酸(suan)性(xing)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi))、海水激活電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)等;有(you)(you)機電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)解(jie)液(ye)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)，主(zhu)(zhu)(zhu)要(yao)以有(you)(you)機溶液(ye)為(wei)介質的電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)，如鋰(li)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)、鋰(li)離子(zi)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)待(dai)。

第(di)一類：按電(dian)(dian)解液(ye)種類劃(hua)分包括(kuo)：堿(jian)性(xing)(xing)電(dian)(dian)池(chi)，電(dian)(dian)解質(zhi)主要(yao)以氫氧化鉀水(shui)溶液(ye)為(wei)(wei)主的(de)電(dian)(dian)池(chi)，如：堿(jian)性(xing)(xing)鋅(xin)(xin)錳電(dian)(dian)池(chi)(俗稱堿(jian)錳電(dian)(dian)池(chi)或(huo)堿(jian)性(xing)(xing)電(dian)(dian)池(chi))、鎘鎳(nie)電(dian)(dian)池(chi)、氫鎳(nie)電(dian)(dian)池(chi)等(deng);酸性(xing)(xing)電(dian)(dian)池(chi)，主要(yao)以 ... 水(shui)溶液(ye)為(wei)(wei)介質(zhi)，如鉛酸蓄電(dian)(dian)池(chi);中性(xing)(xing)電(dian)(dian)池(chi)，以鹽溶液(ye)為(wei)(wei)介質(zhi)，如鋅(xin)(xin)錳干電(dian)(dian)池(chi)(有(you)的(de)消費(fei)者也稱之為(wei)(wei)酸性(xing)(xing)電(dian)(dian)池(chi))、海水(shui)激活電(dian)(dian)池(chi)等(deng);有(you)機電(dian)(dian)解液(ye)電(dian)(dian)池(chi)，主要(yao)以有(you)機溶液(ye)為(wei)(wei)介質(zhi)的(de)電(dian)(dian)池(chi)，如鋰電(dian)(dian)池(chi)、鋰離子電(dian)(dian)池(chi)待。

第(di)二(er)類：按工作性質和貯(zhu)存方式(shi)劃(hua)分包括：一次電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)，又稱原電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)，即(ji)不能再充(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)的電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)，如(ru)鋅(xin)錳(meng)干(gan)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)、鋰原電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)等(deng);二(er)次電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)，即(ji)可充(chong)(chong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)，如(ru)氫鎳電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)、鋰離(li)子電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)、鎘(ge)(ge)鎳電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)等(deng);蓄電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)習慣上指鉛(qian)酸蓄電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)，也是二(er)次電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi);燃料(liao)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)，即(ji)活性材料(liao)在電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)工作時(shi)(shi)才連續不斷(duan)地 從外部加入電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)，如(ru)氫氧燃料(liao)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)等(deng);貯(zhu)備電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)，即(ji)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)貯(zhu)存時(shi)(shi)不直接接觸(chu)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)解液，直到電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)使用(yong)時(shi)(shi)，才加入電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)解液，如(ru)鎂-氯化(hua)銀(yin)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)又稱海水激活電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)等(deng)。第(di)三類：按電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)所用(yong)正、負有為(wei)材料(liao)劃(hua)分包括：鋅(xin)系(xi)列(lie)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)，如(ru)鋅(xin)錳(meng)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)、鋅(xin)銀(yin)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)等(deng);鎳系(xi)列(lie)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)，如(ru)鎘(ge)(ge)鎳電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)、氫鎳電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)等(deng);鉛(qian)系(xi)列(lie)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)，如(ru)鉛(qian)酸電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)等(deng);鋰系(xi)列(lie)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)、鋰鎂電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi);二(er)氧化(hua)錳(meng)系(xi)列(lie)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)，如(ru)鋅(xin)錳(meng)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)、堿錳(meng)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)等(deng);空(kong)氣(氧氣)系(xi)列(lie)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)，如(ru)鋅(xin)空(kong)電(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)(dian)池(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)(chi)等(deng)

碳(tan)性(xing)電池(chi)也就是(shi)我們常見(jian)的(de)(de)”中性(xing)鋅-二氧(yang)化錳(meng)干(gan)電池(chi)“，是(shi)化學電池(chi)中的(de)(de)原電池(chi)，也是(shi)一次性(xing)使用的(de)(de)電池(chi)。由(you)于該干(gan)電池(chi)供電設備的(de)(de)電解液是(shi)一種不能(neng)移動的(de)(de)漿糊，因(yin)此也被稱為“干(gan)電池(chi)”。